In 1991 Sumio Iijima
discovered Tubular Buckminster Fullerenes also called Nanotubes
In 2001 many
breakthroughs occurred in nanotechnology. Researchers at IBM develop
a method to grow specific nanotubes in formation, and also build first
logic gate ('NOT') (basic units of computers) on the surface of a
Florian Banhart develops
a technique to
weld nanotubes together,
Hong Kong Scientists discover that nanotubes can superconduct (conduct
electricity without resistance) by placing hydrogen atoms on the exterior
of the surface.
Euhd Shapiro and
Yaakov Benenson build the first Biological Processing Unit with
In 2002, J. Jacobson, J.
Schwartz, and S. Zhang develop a process by which DNA molecules can be
selectively manipulated by radio waves.