ways exist to treat insomnia. Benzodiazepine (BZD) drugs calm by reducing
neuron activity, but cause side effects. Non- BZD drugs act at the BZD or
Melatonin receptors. Melatonin is a sleep hormone. Other solutions to sleep
problems include relaxing sounds, aromatherapy, and massages. The SleepSmart
alarm clock wakes the user during non-REM sleep so he/she feels more rested
than if woken during REM.
amphetamines, and Provigil© promote wakefullness. Ritalin© and amphetamines
have side effects, but Provigil focuses on one brain receptor and does not
induce euphoria. It is used to reduce daytime sleepiness due to sleeping disorders.
Caffeine and the ActiWatch© Alert (Cephalon) also help one stay awake.
The ActiWatch© device monitors body activity; an alarm sounds when no
movement is detected.
patches send drugs through the skin and into the bloodstream. If the molecules
are small and fat-soluble, like nicotine molecules, they bypass the Blood
Brain Barrier (BBB) and can affect neurons in the brain.
circadian rhythm is an adaptable 25 hour body clock found in the hypothalamus.
It uses external cues to regulate functions of the body like melatonin production.
BCB by SST Technologies
Restoril (temazepam): a BZD
A caffeine molecule