Most people imagine earthquakes as violent and unpredictable forces of nature; however, they are simple manifestations of energy in wave-form that may be detected accurately. Currently satellites used for global positioning systems have the capabilities to detect electromagnetic radiation similar to emissions noticed prior to earthquakes. Such satellites could be enhanced as to detect and record electromagnetic waves and magnetic fields propagating from future locations of earthquakes providing weeks, rather than hours, of notice before the event, with death tolls inversely proportional to this change. In order to do this, there are several technologies that would require acute development.
The main body of the technology will be satellites with advanced imagery and detection technology, which will have on them a series of instruments developed for this specific use. Radiation is emitted weeks prior to earthquakes, in the form of infrared radiation and also Extremely Low Frequency radiation. IR and ELF imaging technology could be used to continuously monitor tectonic movement, and based on trends developed and recognized over time, accurately predict the occurrence of an earthquake.
Some of the technology that will be used will include :
Superconducting antennae and solenoid coils, which will be able to measure miniscule electromagnetic radiation field changes, and detect the present of ELF radiation.
Advanced Radar and Infrared Cameras, which will take a series of images both over a long period of time and over short time frames, and collect data to be processed to recognize signs of impending earthquakes.
Advanced Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), which, developed by the European Space Agency, provides probable fault movement over a period of years, but if developed, could give predictions over a period of months or even weeks.
Modems and Data Processing Centers, to receive the data collected by the satellites at given intervals, and to analyze the trends recognized in the electromagnetic emissions, radar pictures, infrared readings, and ELF emmisions data.
These advanced satellites will utilize the most advanced technology available today and provide an ample amount of data to the scientific community regarding fault line movement and tectonic disruptions, which will provide the key element in a fight against earthquakes and tsunamis : time.