Blood glucose: The main sugar found in the blood and the body's main source of energy. Also called blood sugar.



(Type 1):

Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which the body does not make insulin. Type 1 diabetes accounts for five to ten percent of all cases of diabetes. It is usually diagnosed in children and young adults and lasts for the person's whole life.  Type 1 diabetes is inherited from your parents. People with type 1 diabetes take insulin daily. They also need to keep their blood sugar in a target range by balancing insulin with a meal plan and exercise. The insulin is like a key that opens the door of the cells so they can used the sugar. If there is no insulin the door stays close and an overflow of sugar occurs causing damage to different organs. Also the cells do not get fed and you feel bad.



(Type 2):

Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all cases of diabetes and most often occur in middle-aged or older adults. Type 2 diabetes is an acquired illness due to poor nutrition. People with type 2 diabetes manage their diabetes by using a meal plan, being active and taking diabetes medicine.


Insulin: A hormone produced by the pancreas which is necessary for glucose to be able to enter the cells of the body and be used for energy.


The ability to do things –measure, see, predict and make- on the scale of atoms and molecules and exploit the novel properties found at that scale. The nanotechnology realm is defined as being between 0.1 and 100 nanometers, a nanometer being 1x10-9 meters.


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