Since ancient times, crude tools were used to remove tumors. For example, trepanning is the most ancient method known for relieving pressure in cases of brain tumors by cutting the skull.
Another method of treatment was herbal medicines. The ancient Chinese used herbal medicines to assuage the pain and suppress the progression of tumors. It was also believed that these herbal medicines increased the flow of blood and oxygen to the body and brain.
In 1968, the first Gamma Knife Procedure was carried out. In this type of treatment, extremely high concentrations of focused radiation were delivered to the tumor.
After being secured into position, the gamma helmet is placed over the patient's head.
Before the procedure is carried out, the patient's head is placed into position by the fixation frame posts and skull fixation pin sites.